Explicit wait and Fluent wait are both types of waits in Selenium WebDriver that allow you to wait for a specific condition to occur before proceeding with further test steps. However, there are some differences between the two:
Syntax: Explicit wait uses the WebDriverWait class in Java, while Fluent wait uses the FluentWait class. Fluent wait uses a chaining syntax that makes the code more readable and easier to understand.
Flexibility: Fluent wait is more flexible than explicit wait. With Fluent wait, you can specify the maximum amount of time to wait for a condition and the query interval for checking the condition. With explicit wait, you can specify only the maximum amount of time to wait for a condition.
Exception handling: With explicit wait, you can define the specific exception types to ignore while waiting, while with Fluent wait, you can ignore any exception type.
In summary, Fluent wait offers more flexibility and customization than Explicit wait, but also has a more complex syntax. Explicit wait is easier to use and provides built-in conditions for common scenarios.